Where are Result Clauses in English?

Document identifier: oai:dalea.du.se:1995
Keyword: Result clause, Selection, Constituency, Scope, Compositionality, Covert movement
Publication year: 2005

In this paper, I discuss where result clauses are positioned in English sentences. A number of factors affect their position. Firstly there are semantic properties such as scope. If these are the only factors, then we have a compositional structure. This turns out not to be the case, since there is c-command test evidence that the finiteness of the result clause is relevant. Infinitival result clauses are attached lower down than finite ones are. However, the degree word and result clause in narrow-scope readings are part of a constituent, with the former selecting the latter. I therefore propose that covert movement is required to explain the c-command data. With wide-scope readings, on the other hand, the degree word and result clause do not form a constituent. A problem arises with how selection holds, and I propose that covert movement is required.


Jonathan White

Högskolan Dalarna; Engelska
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