CO2 Separation by a Series of Aqueous Morpholinium-Based Ionic Liquids with Acetate Anions

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-77977
Access full text here:10.1021/acssuschemeng.9b05686
Keyword: Engineering and Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Energy Engineering, Teknik och teknologier, Maskinteknik, Energiteknik, CO2 separation, Ionic liquids, Thermodynamic modeling, Process simulation
Publication year: 2020
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Abstract:

In this work, CO2 absorption capacities in a series of aqueous N-alkyl-N-methylmorpholinium-based ILs with acetate as the counterpart anion were investigated. Among these ILs, N-butyl-N-methylmorpholinium acetate ([Bmmorp][OAc]) with the highest CO2 absorption capacity was screened for thermodynamic modeling. The non-random two-liquid model and the Redlich–Kwong equation of state (NRTL-RK model) were used to describe the phase equilibria. The CH4 absorption capacity in the aqueous [Bmmorp][OAc] was also measured in order to verify the results predicted from the thermodynamic modeling, and the comparison shows the reliability of the model prediction. The parameters were embedded into the commercial software Aspen Plus. After that, the aqueous [Bmmorp][OAc] solutions with 30–40 wt % of water were selected to carry out process simulation for CO2 separation from biogas, and it was found that using these aqueous [Bmmorp][OAc] gave rise to lower energy usage and smaller size of equipment than other physical solvents. The results suggest that aqueous [Bmmorp][OAc] solution can be used as an alternative to organic solvents and has the potential to decrease the cost of CO2 separation.

Authors

Chunyan Ma

Luleå tekniska universitet; Energivetenskap
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Shashi Kant Shukla

Technical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Chemical-Biological Centre, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
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Rakesh Samikannu

Technical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Chemical-Biological Centre, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
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Jyri-Pekka Mikkola

Technical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Chemical-Biological Centre, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Industrial Chemistry & Reaction Engineering, Johan Gadolin Process Chemistry Centre, Åbo Akademi University, Turku , Finland
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Xiaoyan Ji

Luleå tekniska universitet; Energivetenskap
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