History Reduction by Lumping for Time-Efficient Simulation of Additive Manufacturing

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-77958
Access full text here:10.3390/met10010058
Keyword: Engineering and Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Applied Mechanics, Teknik och teknologier, Maskinteknik, Teknisk mekanik, Finite element, Thermo-mechanical analysis, Additive manufacturing, Alloy 625, Hållfasthetslära, Solid Mechanics
Publication year: 2020
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 9 Industry, innovation and infrastructure
The SDG label(s) above have been assigned by OSDG.ai

Abstract:

Additive manufacturing is the process by which material is added layer by layer. In most cases, many layers are added, and the passes are lengthy relative to their thicknesses and widths. This makes finite element simulations of the process computationally demanding owing to the short time steps and large number of elements. The classical lumping approach in computational welding mechanics, popular in the 80s, is therefore, of renewed interest and is evaluated in this work. The method of lumping means that welds are merged. This allows fewer time steps and a coarser mesh. It was found that the computation time can be reduced considerably, with retained accuracy for the resulting temperatures and deformations. The residual stresses become, to a certain degree, smaller. The simulations were validated against a directed energy deposition (DED) experiment with alloy 625.

Authors

Andreas Malmelöv

Luleå tekniska universitet; Material- och solidmekanik
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Andreas Lundbäck

Luleå tekniska universitet; Material- och solidmekanik
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Lars-Erik Lindgren

Luleå tekniska universitet; Material- och solidmekanik
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