The Effect of the Blasthole Diameter on the Detonation Velocity of Bulk Emulsion Explosive in the Conditions of Selected Mining Panel of the Rudna Mine

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-77858
Access full text here:10.24425/ams.2019.131062
Keyword: Engineering and Technology, Civil Engineering, Other Civil Engineering, Teknik och teknologier, Samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Annan samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Emulsion explosives, Detonation velocity, Blasthole diameter, Fragmentation analysis, Mining and Rock Engineering, Gruv- och berganläggningsteknik
Publication year: 2019
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SDG 9 Industry, innovation and infrastructureSDG 3 Good health and wellbeing
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Abstract:

The blasting technique is currently the basic excavation method in Polish underground copper mines. Applied explosives are usually described by parameters determined on the basis of specific standards, in which the manner and conditions of the tests performance were defined. One of the factors that is commonly used to assess the thermodynamic parameters of the explosives is the velocity of detonation. The measurements of the detonation velocity are carried out according to European Standard EN 13631-14:2003 based on a point-to-point method, which determines the average velocity of detonation over a specified distance. The disadvantage of this method is the lack of information on the detonation process along the explosive sample. The other method which provides detailed data on the propagation of the detonation wave within an explosive charge is a continuous method. It allows to analyse the VOD traces over the entire length of the charge. The examination certificates of a given explosive usually presents the average detonation velocities, but not the characteristics of their variations depending on the density or blasthole diameter. Therefore, the average VOD value is not sufficient to assess the efficiency of explosives. Analysis of the abovementioned problem shows, that the local conditions in which explosives are used differ significantly from those in which standard tests are performed. Thus, the actual detonation velocity may be different from that specified by the manufacturer. This article presents the results of VOD measurements of a bulk emulsion explosive depending on the diameter of the blastholes carried out in a selected mining panel of the Rudna copper mine, Poland. The aim of the study was to determine the optimal diameter of the blastholes in terms of detonation velocity. The research consisted of diameters which are currently used in the considered mine.

Authors

Piotr Mertuszka

KGHM CUPRUM LTD. RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT CENTRE, SIKORSKIEGO, WROCLAW, POLAND
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Marcin Szumny

KGHM CUPRUM LTD. RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT CENTRE, SIKORSKIEGO, WROCLAW, POLAND
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Krzysztof Fulawka

KGHM CUPRUM LTD. RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT CENTRE, SIKORSKIEGO, WROCLAW, POLAND
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Jaroslaw Maslej

KGHM POLSKA MIEDŹ S.A., RUDNA MINE, POLKOWICE, POLAND
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David Saiang

Luleå tekniska universitet; Geoteknologi
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