State-of-the Art-Powerhouse, Dam Structure, and Turbine Operation and Vibrations

Document identifier:
Access full text here:10.3390/su12041676
Keyword: Engineering and Technology, Civil Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Teknik och teknologier, Samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Geoteknik, Dam sustainability, Hydropower plant, Kaplan turbine, Francis turbine, Kinetic energy, Vibration effect, Soil Mechanics
Publication year: 2020
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 11 Sustainable cities and communitiesSDG 7 Affordable and clean energySDG 9 Industry, innovation and infrastructure
The SDG label(s) above have been assigned by


Dam and powerhouse operation sustainability is a major concern from the hydraulic engineering perspective. Powerhouse operation is one of the main sources of vibrations in the dam structure and hydropower plant; thus, the evaluation of turbine performance at different water pressures is important for determining the sustainability of the dam body. Draft tube turbines run under high pressure and suffer from connection problems, such as vibrations and pressure fluctuation. Reducing the pressure fluctuation and minimizing the principal stress caused by undesired components of water in the draft tube turbine are ongoing problems that must be resolved. Here, we conducted a comprehensive review of studies performed on dams, powerhouses, and turbine vibration, focusing on the vibration of two turbine units: Kaplan and Francis turbine units. The survey covered several aspects of dam types (e.g., rock and concrete dams), powerhouse analysis, turbine vibrations, and the relationship between dam and hydropower plant sustainability and operation. The current review covers the related research on the fluid mechanism in turbine units of hydropower plants, providing a perspective on better control of vibrations. Thus, the risks and failures can be better managed and reduced, which in turn will reduce hydropower plant operation costs and simultaneously increase the economical sustainability. Several research gaps were found, and the literature was assessed to provide more insightful details on the studies surveyed. Numerous future research directions are recommended.


Zaher Mundher Yaseen

Sustainable Developments in Civil Engineering Research Group, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Ton Duc Thang University
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Ameen Mohammed Salih Ameen

Department of water resources engineering, Faculty of civil engineering, University of Baghdad
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Mohammed Suleman Aldlemy

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Collage of Mechanical Engineering Technology
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Mumtaz Ali

Deakin-SWU Joint Research Centre on Big Data, School of Information Technology, Deakin University
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Haitham Abdulmohsin Afan

Institute of Research and Development, Duy Tan University
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Senlin Zhu

State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute
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Ahmed Mohammed Sami Al-Janabi

Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University Putra Malaysia
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Nadhir Al-Ansari

Luleå tekniska universitet; Geoteknologi
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Tiyasha Tiyasha

Faculty of Civil Engineering, Ton Duc Thang University
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Hai Tao

Department of Computer science, Baoji University of Arts and Sciences
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