Absorptive capacity, co-creation, and innovation performance

A cross-country analysis of gazelle and nongazelle companies

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-77384
Access full text here:10.1108/BJM-05-2019-0161
Keyword: Social Sciences, Economics and Business, Business Administration, Samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomi och näringsliv, Företagsekonomi, Innovation performance, Co-creation, Absorptive capacity, Accounting and Control, Redovisning och styrning
Publication year: 2020
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 9 Industry, innovation and infrastructureSDG 8 Decent work and economic growthSDG 3 Good health and wellbeing
The SDG label(s) above have been assigned by OSDG.ai



The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of absorptive capacity (ACAP) and co-creation on innovation performance (INN).


The authors use survey data from Swedish and Norwegian companies (n=1,102) and establish a cross-national equivalence between Sweden and Norway.


The subsequent structural model revealed interesting differences. For Sweden, co-creation fully mediates the effect of ACAP on INN, whereas for Norway, ACAP has a direct effect on INN with no mediation. Subsequent regressions including control variables showed that the structural model is reasonably robust. The authors conclude that, despite the many common national features conducive to innovation between these two countries, sufficient differences remain to create substantial variation in the innovation processes.


The study presents a second-order model of ACAP that permits a unique test of cross-country differences.


Peter Dahlin

Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden
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Mikko Moilanen

University of Tromso, Tromso, Norway
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Stein Eirik Østbye

University of Tromso, Tromso, Norway
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Ossi Pesämaa

Luleå tekniska universitet; Industriell Ekonomi
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