Serum concentrations of two biochemical markers of brain tissue damage S-100B and neurone specific enolase are increased in elite female soccer players after a competitive game

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-7723
Access full text here:10.1136/bjsm.2005.021584
Keyword: Medical and Health Sciences, Health Sciences, Other Health Sciences, Medicin och hälsovetenskap, Hälsovetenskaper, Annan hälsovetenskap, Health Science, Hälsovetenskap
Publication year: 2006
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 3 Good health and wellbeing
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Abstract:

BACKGROUND: It is a matter of debate whether or not ordinary heading of the ball in soccer causes injury to brain tissue. OBJECTIVE: To analyse concentrations of the biochemical markers of brain tissue damage S-100B and neurone specific enolase (NSE) in serum of female elite soccer players in association with a competitive game. METHODS: Venous blood samples were obtained from 44 female soccer players before and after a competitive game for analysis. The number of headers and trauma events (falls, collisions, etc) was assessed from videotape recordings for each player. RESULTS: Concentrations of both brain damage markers were increased after the game (S-100B, 0.18 (0.11) v 0.11 (0.05) microg/l (p = 0.000); NSE, 10.14 (1.74) v 9.05 (1.59) microg/l (p = 0.001)). There was a significant correlation between changes in S-100B concentrations and both the number of headers (r = 0.430, p = 0.004) and the number of other trauma events (r = 0.517, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The concentrations of both S-100B and NSE were increased by game associated activities and events. The increases in S-100B concentration were significantly related to the number of headers and other trauma events, which indicates that both these factors may have contributed to these increases.

Authors

Britt-Marie Stålnacke

Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine
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A. Ohlsson

Umeå University, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Science, Sports Medicine
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Yelverton Tegner

Luleå tekniska universitet; Medicinsk vetenskap
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Peter Sojka

Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine
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