Wind Power and Job Creation

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-77227
Access full text here:10.3390/su12010045
Keyword: Social Sciences, Economics and Business, Economics, Samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomi och näringsliv, Nationalekonomi, Wind power, Jobs, Labor, Renewable, Policy, Energy
Publication year: 2020
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 7 Affordable and clean energySDG 8 Decent work and economic growth
The SDG label(s) above have been assigned by OSDG.ai

Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to provide a global overview of job effects per MW of wind power installations, which will enable improved decision-making and modeling of future wind-power projects. We found indications that job creation connected to wind-power installations is rather limited. In total, 17 peer-reviewed articles and 10 reports/non-peer-reviewed papers between 2001 and 2019 were assessed. Our three major policy conclusions are as follows: (a) job creation seems to be limited; (b) each new project should consider a unique assessment, since all projects have been undertaken within different institutional frameworks, labor markets, and during separate years, meaning that the technology is not comparable; and (c) the number of jobs depends on the labor intensity of the country.

Authors

Luigi Aldieri

Department of Economic and Statistical Sciences, University of Salerno, Fisciano, Italy
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Jonas Grafström

Luleå tekniska universitet; Samhällsvetenskap
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Kristoffer Sundström

The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
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Concetto Paolo Vinci

Department of Economic and Statistical Sciences, University of Salerno, Fisciano, Italy
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