Global Climate Change Impacts on Tigris-Euphrates Rivers Basins

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Keyword: Engineering and Technology, Civil Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Teknik och teknologier, Samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Geoteknik, Tigris, Euphrates, Climate change, Iraq, Soil Mechanics
Publication year: 2020
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 13 Climate actionSDG 12 Responsible consumption and productionSDG 6 Clean water and sanitation
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Climate change is affecting the hydrological cycle all over the World. The effect on arid and semi-arid regions is relatively more. The Middle East and North Africa region is one of the biggest hyper-arid, semi-arid and arid zones in the world where the long-term average precipitation does not exceed 166mm per year. The Tigris and Euphrates basins are located within the northern part of the Middle East. Future projections  indicate  the  considerable  reduction  in  water  resources  as  a  result  of drought and population growth. North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is responsible for the  change  in  climate  over  the  Tigris  and  Euphrates  basins.  This  is  causing  a decrease in rainfall and a consequence decrease in the flow of the rivers. In addition, the  temperature  is  increasing.  All  these  variables  are  causing  sea  level  rise, increasing dust storms and deletion of groundwater resources. It is believed that quick actions are required to minimize the effect of climate change. This includes prudent water resources planning and good regional cooperation.


Nasrat Adamo

Consultant Engineer, Norrköping, Sweden
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Nadhir Al-Ansari

Luleå tekniska universitet; Geoteknologi
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Varoujan K. Sissakian

University of Kurdistan, Hewler, KRG, Iraq
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