Patients' Experiences of Pain and Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in the Early Postoperative Period After an Elective Knee Arthroplasty

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-77115
Access full text here:10.1016/j.jopan.2019.11.010
Keyword: Medical and Health Sciences, Health Sciences, Nursing, Medicin och hälsovetenskap, Hälsovetenskaper, Omvårdnad, Postoperative, Pain, PONV, Knee arthroplasty, Sex
Publication year: 2020
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 3 Good health and wellbeing
The SDG label(s) above have been assigned by OSDG.ai

Abstract:

Purpose

The aim of this study is to explore patients' experience of pain and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in the early postoperative period after knee arthroplasties.

Design

This is a retrospective cohort study with a quantitative approach. Data from patients registered in the Swedish Perioperative Registry were used. We used the Strenghtening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) guidelines for cross-sectional studies.

Methods

Data were collected from patients (N = 439) undergoing knee arthroplasties. The analysis was performed with descriptive and analytic statistics.

Findings

The findings indicate that women experienced significantly higher levels of pain than men and suffered significantly more often from PONV. However, the relationship of postoperative pain and PONV was not significant. There was also no significance for the relationship among postoperative pain, PONV, and age.

Conclusions

Care needs to be sensitive to differences in experiencing pain and PONV depending on sex or gender bias, with a goal of increasing the equality in care.

Authors

Ida Eklund

Intensive Care Unit, Piteå Hospital, Piteå, Sweden
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Ann-Sofie Larsson

Intensive Care Unit, Sunderby Hospital, Luleå, Sweden
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Silje Gustafsson

Luleå tekniska universitet; Omvårdnad och medicinsk teknik
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Angelica Forsberg

Luleå tekniska universitet; Omvårdnad och medicinsk teknik; Intensive Care Unit, Sunderby Hospital, Luleå, Sweden
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