Fire and Smoke Phenomenon in West Najaf City

Southwest Iraq

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76988
Access full text here:10.4236/eng.2019.1112053
Keyword: Engineering and Technology, Civil Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Teknik och teknologier, Samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Geoteknik, Smoke Phenomenon, Bahr-Al Najaf, Tel Arruhban, Detected Gases, Soil Mechanics
Publication year: 2019
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 15 Life on landSDG 11 Sustainable cities and communitiesSDG 2 Zero hunger
The SDG label(s) above have been assigned by OSDG.ai

Abstract:

A strange phenomenon of fire taking place at Arruhban area west Bahr-Al Najaf area in Iraq was noticed in 2010 and smoke continued many months; this phenomenon reappeared many years later. This site is part of Bahr-Al Najaf-Iraq NE Arabian plate, located in flat area near an archeological site of Christian temple called Tel Arruhban. To understand the causes for this fire in a non-residential area, field observations from repeated visits between 2010 and 2018 and on-site excavation operations were conducted. The results of analysis of soil samples, and on-site detection for gases and vapors showed that the phenomenon of burning and smoke generated at this site was due to external influences and that the presence of soil rich with organic materials helped to the existence of this phenomenon.

Authors

Abdulkadhim J. Alabidi

Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Kufa, Kufa, Iraq
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Saadi A. M. Al-Dahaan

Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Kufa, Kufa, Iraq
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Nadhir Al-Ansari

Luleå tekniska universitet; Geoteknologi
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