Mechanical and microstructural evaluation of high performance steel (S700MC) for road restraint systems

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76929
Access full text here:10.1016/j.engfailanal.2019.104251
Keyword: Engineering and Technology, Other Materials Engineering, Microstructures, Mechanical testing, Hydrogen-assisted cracking, Fracture toughness, Failure analysis, Annan materialteknik, Energiteknik, Materials Engineering, Maskinteknik, Energy Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgi och metalliska material, Materialteknik, Teknik och teknologier, Metallurgy and Metallic Materials, Engineering Materials
Publication year: 2020
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 11 Sustainable cities and communitiesSDG 3 Good health and wellbeing
The SDG label(s) above have been assigned by OSDG.ai

Abstract:

The suitability of using high performance steel (S700MC) for road restraint systems (RRS) under very high containment level was evaluated in this study. To investigate the influence of the crash on the mechanical behaviour of the steel, different test pieces were tested by tensile and hardness testing, and examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The tensile test results of S700MC showed a noticeable increase in yield strength at 0.2% elongation (Rp0.2) from 744 to 935 MPa, and ultimate tensile strength (UTS) from 810 to 1017 MPa, before and after crash tests (BC and AC, respectively). S700MC showed ~9% lower elongation at fracture value in comparison with S275JR and S355JR steels. Besides, fracture toughness, was significantly higher for S700MC (133 and 148 MJ/m3 for BC and AC, respectively) compared to conventional mild steels (108–118 MJ/m3). Microstructural observations of head-part of all S700MC samples revealed equi-axed grains. The fracture surface of tensile tested samples before crash, showed elongated grains accompanied by pore formation. Among after crash samples, one test piece showed intergranular cracks while no intergranular cracks were observed for the other crashed pieces which resulted in the lower Rp0.2 (813 MPa) and UTS strength (847 MPa) and fracture toughness (125 MJ/m3). The results showed that although RRS manufactured with S700MC undergoes severe mechanical deformation, the risk of brittle fracture is very low and this is beneficial from industrial as well as social point of view.

Authors

Esa Vuorinen

Luleå tekniska universitet; Materialvetenskap
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Nazanin Hosseini

Luleå tekniska universitet; Materialvetenskap
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Ali Hedayati

Luleå tekniska universitet; Materialvetenskap
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Eva Kornacker

Luleå tekniska universitet; Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik
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Maria Teresa Fernandez

CIDAUT Foundation, Boecillo, Spain
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Javier Sanz

CIDAUT Foundation, Boecillo, Spain
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Manuel I. Gonzalez

CIDAUT Foundation, Boecillo, Spain
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Esteban Cañibano

CIDAUT Foundation, Boecillo, Spain
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