‘What’s in a name?’ ‘No more than when it's mine own’. Evidence from auditory oddball distraction

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76926
Access full text here:10.1016/j.actpsy.2014.05.009
Keyword: Social Sciences, Teknik och teknologier, Oddball, Distraction, Auditory, Attention, Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi, Maskinteknik, Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics, Psychology, Mechanical Engineering, Engineering and Technology, Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi), Psykologi, Samhällsvetenskap, Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology), Own-name
Publication year: 2014
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 3 Good health and wellbeing
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Abstract:

Research of the distractor value of hearing the own name has shown that this self-referring stimulus captures attention in an involuntary fashion and create distraction. The behavioral studies are few and the outcomes are not always clear cut. In this study the distraction by own name compared to a control name was investigated by using a cross-modal oddball task in two experiments. In the first experiment, thirty-nine participants were conducting a computerized categorization task while exposed to, to-be ignored own and matched control names (controlling for familiarity, gender and number of syllables) as unexpected auditory deviant stimulus (12.5% trials for each name category) and a sine wave tone as a standard stimulus (75% of the trials). In the second experiment, another group of thirty-nine participants completed the same task but with the additional deviant stimulus of an irrelevant word added (10% trials for each deviant type and 70% trials with the standard stimulus). Results showed deviant distraction by exposure to both the irrelevant word, own and the control name compared to the standard tone but no differences were found showing that the own name captured attention and distracted the participants more than an irrelevant word or a control name. The results elucidate the role of the own name as a potent auditory distractor and possible limitations with its theoretical significance for general theories of attention are discussed.

Authors

Jessica Körning-Ljungberg

Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå. Sweden b School of Psychology, Cardiff University, UK
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Fabrice B R Parmentier

Department of Psychology, University of the Balearic Islands, Spain. School of Psychology, University of Western Australia, Australia
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Dylan M Jones

School of Psychology, Cardiff University, UK. School of Psychology, University of Western Australia, Australia
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Erik Marsja

Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
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Gregory Neely

Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
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