Investigating Deviance Distraction and the Impact of the Modality of the To-Be-Ignored Stimuli

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76917
Access full text here:10.1027/1618-3169/a000390
Keyword: Social Sciences, Maskinteknik, Cognition, Memory, Oddball, Distraction, Attention, Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi, Teknik och teknologier, Psychology, Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics, Mechanical Engineering, Engineering and Technology, Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi), Psykologi, Samhällsvetenskap, Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology), Multisensory
Publication year: 2018
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Abstract:

Abstract: It has been suggested that deviance distraction is caused by unexpected sensory events in the to-be-ignored stimuli violating thecognitive system’s predictions of incoming stimuli. The majority of research has used methods where the to-be-ignored expected (standards)and the unexpected (deviants) stimuli are presented within the same modality. Less is known about the behavioral impact of deviancedistraction when the to-be-ignored stimuli are presented in different modalities (e.g., standard and deviants presented in different modalities).In three experiments using cross-modal oddball tasks with mixed-modality to-be-ignored stimuli, we examined the distractive role ofunexpected auditory deviants presented in a continuous stream of expected standard vibrations. The results showed that deviance distractionseems to be dependent upon the to-be-ignored stimuli being presented within the same modality, and that the simplest omission ofsomething expected; in this case, a standard vibration may be enough to capture attention and distract performance.

Authors

Erik Marsja

Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden,
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Greg Neely

Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden,
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Jessica Körning-Ljungberg

Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
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