Water Resources Projects in Iraq

Main Drains

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76728
Keyword: Engineering and Technology, Civil Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Teknik och teknologier, Samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Geoteknik, Main Outfall Drain, MOD, Great Gharraf Drain, East Euphrates Drain, Soil Mechanics
Publication year: 2019
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 6 Clean water and sanitationSDG 11 Sustainable cities and communities
The SDG label(s) above have been assigned by OSDG.ai


Iraq has a unique system of drainage. Soil texture, groundwater depth, water quality and other factors lead to the adaption of getting rid the drainage water away to the sea in order to control water quality. The system of drainage is not completed yet, however, the backbone of the system, which is Main Outfall Drain (MOD) was completed in 1992. Other main drains were completed and connected and others are still in progress of implementation where the most important drain after MOD is Eastern Euphrates Drain.


Mukhalad Abdullah

Private Engineer, Baghdad, Iraq
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Nadhir Al-Ansari

Luleå tekniska universitet; Geoteknologi
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Jan Laue

Luleå tekniska universitet; Geoteknologi
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