Water Resources Projects in Iraq

Reservoirs in The Natural Depressions

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76686
Keyword: Engineering and Technology, Civil Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Teknik och teknologier, Samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Geoteknik, Habbaniyah, Tharthar, Shweicha, Southern Marshes, Soil Mechanics
Publication year: 2019
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 11 Sustainable cities and communitiesSDG 3 Good health and wellbeing
The SDG label(s) above have been assigned by OSDG.ai


Iraq had suffered for centuries from devastating floods, causing heavy life and property losses and for occasions it demolished the civilizations. Since 1950s, Iraq started to develop several natural depressions to function as escape to mitigate flood waves. The projects of this kind which had developed are: Habbaniyah project, Tharthar project, Schweicha depression and Southern Marshes. The exploitation of these projects comprises building barrages, regulators, and dykes. For Tharthar and Habbaniyah, the diverted water re-used during drought season. Although, these depressions which serve as reservoirs provide invaluable role in flood protection, the construction of the existing and future dams will reduce the feasibility of these projects.


Mukhalad Abdullah

Private Engineer, Baghdad, Iraq
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Nadhir Al-Ansari

Luleå tekniska universitet; Geoteknologi
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Jan Laue

Luleå tekniska universitet; Geoteknologi
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