Improving Hypoid Gear Oil Pitting Performance through Friction Reduction

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76575
Access full text here:10.1080/10402004.2019.1686194
Keyword: Engineering and Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear), Teknik och teknologier, Maskinteknik, Tribologi (ytteknik omfattande friktion, nötning och smörjning), Gear lubricants, Rolling contact fatigue, EHL friction, Antifatigue additives, Machine Elements, Maskinelement
Publication year: 2020
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 9 Industry, innovation and infrastructure
The SDG label(s) above have been assigned by OSDG.ai

Abstract:

Earlier studies have shown that the load-dependent friction behavior of various gear oils can affect their pitting performance; that is, low friction resulted in a long pitting life. These studies were limited, however, to test methods and running conditions quite different from those occurring in actual gear transmissions. In the present study, a more gear-like twin-disc machine with test specimens and running conditions relevant for gear contacts was used to investigate whether the same trends could be found. To analyze this possible correlation, the first step was to prepare a set of hypoid gear oils and to test their friction performance to compare various ways of improving friction behavior but also to form an understanding of why their friction performance varied. The second step was to test the pitting performance of the oils. The pitting results could then be compared to the friction properties of the oils to analyze the correlation. Other possible mechanisms behind the formation of pits are also discussed. The results show that for the oils included, the antiwear and extreme-pressure additive package and the base oil type affect friction. The results further show that additive combinations and/or base oils that result in low friction lead to enhanced pitting performance.

Authors

Jens E. Johansson

Luleå tekniska universitet; Maskinelement
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Mark T. Devlin

Fundamental Research, Afton Chemical Corporation, Richmond, VA, USA
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Jeffrey M. Guevremont

Fundamental Research, Afton Chemical Corporation, Richmond, VA, USA
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Braham Prakash

Luleå tekniska universitet; Maskinelement
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