Balloon design for Mars, Venus, and Titan atmospheres

Document identifier:
Access full text here:10.3390/app10093204
Keyword: Engineering and Technology, Titan, Atmospheric science, Rymdtekniska system, Onboard space systems, Over-pressurized zero-pressure, Super-pressure, Zero-pressure, Venus, Teknik och teknologier, Mars, Balloon, Rymd- och flygteknik, Maskinteknik, Aerospace Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Atmosfärsvetenskap
Publication year: 2020
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 9 Industry, innovation and infrastructureSDG 3 Good health and wellbeing
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This paper studies the specifications of balloons for the exploration of bodies with different atmospheric conditions. Three types of balloons, i.e., zero-pressure, super-pressure, and over-pressurized, with four different shapes, i.e., sphere, oblate, prolate, and airship, were analysed. First, the development of a simulation tool is described, which was used for analysing the behaviour of balloons for different exploration missions. Next, the developed software was verified by comparing its output with recorded data from a set of flights at the Esrange Space Center. Based on the simulation results, recommendations are given for different balloon types and shapes for operation on Mars, Venus, and Titan.


Kanika Garg

Luleå tekniska universitet; Rymdteknik
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Thomas Kuhn

Luleå tekniska universitet; Rymdteknik
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