Functionalization of silica membranes for CO2 separation

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76487
Access full text here:10.1016/j.seppur.2019.116207
Keyword: Engineering and Technology, Chemical Engineering, Chemical Process Engineering, Teknik och teknologier, Kemiteknik, Kemiska processer, CO2 separation, Functionalized silica membrane, Co-condensation, Chemical Technology, Kemisk teknologi
Publication year: 2020
Abstract:

Five organic CO2-philic functional groups were incorporated in silica matrixes for preparation of functionalized silica membranes to explore the CO2 separation performance. Chemical groups including acetate, trifluoromethyl, methacrylate, urea and vinyl groups were anchored in the silica network using the co-condensation method.

The information from 29Si solid-state NMR and FTIR analyses indicates the successful formation of a covalent bond between functional groups and the silica network. The thickness of the functionalized silica layers was measured by SEM and the thermal stability of the organic groups was determined by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA).

The gas permeance and mixed gas selectivity of CO2/N2 was measured in the temperature range of 253–373 K with a feed pressure of 9 bar. A maximum selectivity of as high as 10 was observed for a trifluoromethyl functionalized silica membrane with a CO2 permeance of 5.5 × 10−7 mol s−1 m−2 Pa−1. Permporometry measurements indicated that the contribution of flow through micropores to the total flow for all the functionalized silica membranes varied between 62 and 82%. All membranes were CO2 selective.

 

Authors

Somayeh Karimi

Luleå tekniska universitet; Kemiteknik; Catalysis and Nanostructured Materials Research Laboratory, College of Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Other publications >>

Yadollah Mortazavi

Catalysis and Nanostructured Materials Research Laboratory, College of Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Other publications >>

Abbas Ali Khodadadi

Catalysis and Nanostructured Materials Research Laboratory, College of Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Other publications >>

Allan Holmgren

Luleå tekniska universitet; Kemiteknik
Other publications >>

Danil Korelskiy

Materials Technology and Chemistry, Alfa Laval Tumba AB, Tumba, Sweden
Other publications >>

Jonas Hedlund

Luleå tekniska universitet; Kemiteknik
Other publications >>

Record metadata

Click to view metadata