Cupric and Chloride Ions

Leaching of Chalcopyrite Concentrate with Low Chloride Concentration Media

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76440
Access full text here:10.3390/min9100639
Keyword: Engineering and Technology, Materials Engineering, Metallurgy and Metallic Materials, Teknik och teknologier, Materialteknik, Metallurgi och metalliska material, Copper sulfide, Chloro-complex, Cupric ion, Chalcopyrite, Chloride, Mineral Processing, Mineralteknik
Publication year: 2019
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 9 Industry, innovation and infrastructureSDG 3 Good health and wellbeing
The SDG label(s) above have been assigned by OSDG.ai

Abstract:

In this paper, the effect of the cupric and chloride ions concentrations on copper dissolution from chalcopyrite concentrate was studied in acidified media. Variables included three different concentrations of Cu2+ (0.5, 1.5, and 2.5 g L−1), four different concentrations of Cl (0, 5, 7, and 10 g L−1), two different pH values of 1 and 2, and a constant temperature of 60 °C. Results indicated that addition of Cl to the system improves copper extractions, especially at higher concentrations of Cu2+. Initial copper concentrations in the leaching solution did not significantly affect the copper extraction when Cl was not present. Better copper extractions were obtained at pH 1 as compared with pH 2. As the Cu2+ and Cl concentrations were increased, higher values of redox potential were obtained. According to the formation constants of the chloro-complexes, the predominant species in the Cu2+/Cl system in the studied interval were CuCl+ and Cu2+. Using a model of copper speciation in the experimental range predicted for a single copper concentration with increasing Cl concentration, the Cu2+ concentration decreased significantly while the concentration of the chloro-complex species CuCl+ increased. In the leached residue, evidence of sulfur formation was found using SEM and corroborated by XRD analysis. When chloride is present in the medium, the amounts of copper and iron in the residue decrease, confirming a positive effect of chloride on the extraction of copper from concentrate for the studied conditions.

Authors

Cynthia M. Torres

Departamento de Ingeniería Metalúrgica y Minas, Universidad Católica del Norte, Antofagasta, Chile. Centro Integrado de Pilotaje de Tecnologías Mineras, CIPTEMIN, Antofagasta 124000, Chile.
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Yousef Ghorbani

Luleå tekniska universitet; Mineralteknik och metallurgi
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Pía C. Hernández

Departamento de Ingeniería Química y Procesos de Minerales, Universidad de Antofagasta,Antofagasta, Chile
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Francisca J. Justel

Departamento de Ingeniería Metalúrgica y Minas, Universidad Católica del Norte, Antofagasta, Chile. Departamento de Ingeniería Química y Procesos de Minerales, Universidad de Antofagasta,Antofagasta, Chile.
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Matías I. Aravena

Departamento de Ingeniería Metalúrgica y Minas, Universidad Católica del Norte, Antofagasta, Chile
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Osvaldo O. Herreros

Departamento de Ingeniería en Minas, Universidad de Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile
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