Predictors of Reading Comprehension in Children With Cochlear Implants

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76341
Access full text here:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02155
Keyword: Engineering and Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics, Teknik och teknologier, Maskinteknik, Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi, Engineering Psychology, Teknisk psykologi
Publication year: 2019
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 3 Good health and wellbeingSDG 16 Peace, justice and strong institutionsSDG 4 Quality education
The SDG label(s) above have been assigned by OSDG.ai

Abstract:

Children with a profound hearing loss who have been implanted with cochlear implants (CI), vary in terms of their language and reading skills. Some of these children have strong language skills and are proficient readers whereas others struggle with language and both the decoding and comprehension aspects of reading. Reading comprehension is dependent on a number of skills where decoding, spoken language comprehension and receptive vocabulary have been found to be the strongest predictors of performance. Children with CI have generally been found to perform more poorly than typically hearing peers on most predictors of reading comprehension including word decoding, vocabulary and spoken language comprehension, as well as working memory. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationships between reading comprehension and a number of predictor variables in a sample of twenty-nine 11–12-year-old children with profound hearing loss, fitted with CI. We were particularly interested in the extent to which reading comprehension in children with CI at this age is dependent on decoding and receptive vocabulary. The predictor variables that we set out to study were word decoding, receptive vocabulary, phonological skills, and working memory. A second purpose was to explore the relationships between reading comprehension and demographic factors, i.e., parental education, speech perception and age of implantation. The results from these 29 children indicate that receptive vocabulary is the most influential predictor of reading comprehension in this group of children although phonological decoding is, of course, fundamental.

Authors

Malin Wass

Luleå tekniska universitet; Människa och teknik
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Lena Anmyr

Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Department of Social Work in Health, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
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Björn Lyxell

Department of Special Needs Education, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden
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Elisabet Östlund

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
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Eva Kaltorp

Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
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Ulrika Löfkvist

Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Department of Special Needs Education, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
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