Distraction and facilitation

The impact of emotional sounds in an emoji oddball task

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76298
Access full text here:10.1002/pchj.273
Keyword: Social Sciences, Psychology, Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology), Samhällsvetenskap, Psykologi, Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi), Attention, Deviance distraction, Emotion, Oddball
Publication year: 2019
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SDG 3 Good health and wellbeing
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Abstract:

Emotional stimuli are argued to capture attention and consume attentional resources differently depending on their emotionalcontent. The present study investigates the impact of the automatic detection of unexpected and to-be-ignored emotional stimuli onhuman behavioral responses, and aims to unravel the differences in distraction between two negative emotional stimuli: sadness and anger.Forty participants (Mage= 25.5 years) performed a visual categorization task where angry and sad emoji faces were presented after eithera standard neutral tone (in 80% of trials) or a deviant emotional sound (tone changing in pitch; sad or angry sound in 10% of trials each)that was to be ignored. Deviant trials were either congruent (e.g., sad sound—sad face) or incongruent (e.g., angry sound—sad face).Although the stimuli presented to the participants were brief and to-be-ignored, results indicate that participants were significantly moredistracted by sad compared to angry stimuli (seen as prolonged response times). Findings are discussed with reference to the nature ofthe two negative emotions.

Authors

Hanna Hjärtström

Umeå universitet, Institutionen för psykologi
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Daniel Eriksson Sörman

Umeå universitet, Institutionen för psykologi
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Jessica Körning-Ljungberg

Umeå universitet, Institutionen för psykologi
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