Toward an Integrated Model for Soft-Mobility

Document identifier:
Access full text here:10.3390/ijerph16193669
Keyword: Social Sciences, Medicin och hälsovetenskap, Architecture, Arkitektur, Climate change, Health outcomes, Outdoor activity, Urban design, Sjukgymnastik, Hälsovetenskaper, Physiotherapy, Samhällsvetenskap, Health Sciences, Medical and Health Sciences, Arkitekturteknik, Samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Teknik och teknologier, Architectural Engineering, Civil Engineering, Engineering and Technology, Fysioterapi
Publication year: 2019
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 11 Sustainable cities and communitiesSDG 13 Climate actionSDG 15 Life on land
The SDG label(s) above have been assigned by


A key urban design challenge is to create built environments that encourage outdoor activityall year round. This study explores a new model for soft-mobility that places the interaction betweenthe urban form, the seasonal climate and climate change, and the individual at the center of people’ssoft-mobility choices, or in more general, their modal choice. The research methods used werecomparative studies of documents, surveys, mental mapping, and photo elicitation. These studieswere undertaken to research people’s outdoor activity in the built environment during the winterseason of a cold climate settlement. The results were analyzed against the three-dimensions of themodel. In the discussion it is argued that in places with significant climate variation, the interactionbetween the urban form, the season, and the individual together influence soft-mobility choices. Inturn, these interactions influence people’s level of outdoor activity and the individual health benefitssuch activity can aord. In conclusion, it is highlighted that all three dimensions of the model are in aconstant state of change and evolution, especially in relation to planning and development processesand climate change.


David Chapman

Luleå tekniska universitet; Arkitektur och vatten
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Agneta Larsson

Luleå tekniska universitet; Hälsa och rehabilitering
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