Rapid carbene formation increasing ion diffusivity in an imidazolium acetate ionic liquid confined between polar glass plates

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76117
Access full text here:10.1039/C9CP04504J
Keyword: Natural Sciences, Naturvetenskap, Chemical Sciences, Kemi, Physical Chemistry, Fysikalisk kemi, Chemistry of Interfaces, Gränsytors kemi
Publication year: 2019
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SDG 9 Industry, innovation and infrastructure
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Abstract:

1-Ethyl-3-methyl-imidazolium acetate ([EMIM][OAc]) is one of the most widely used ionic liquids for various applications. This study is focussed on the chemical stability of [EMIM][OAc] on the surfaces of polar glass plates. 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy and NMR diffusometry of [EMIM][OAc] IL confined between glass plates with a specific surface area 105–106 m−1 are thoroughly investigated. A rapid and spontaneous reaction took place on the surfaces of glass plates leading to the formation of neutral chemical moieties as evident by the appearance of new signals in the 1H NMR spectra. These new products are assigned as N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) and acetic acid. These neutral chemical moieties have significantly increased the ion diffusivity by dissociation of the cation and the anion in [EMIM][OAc] IL. The yield and rate of formation of NHC and acetic acid are found to increase with the increasing surface area of polar glass plates and the time of contact between the IL and glass surfaces. Based on NMR spectroscopy, a dissociative reaction mechanism is proposed for the formation of free NHC in the neat [EMIM][OAc] IL.

Authors

Andrei Filippov

Luleå tekniska universitet; Kemiteknik; Kazan State Medical University, Kazan, Russia
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Oleg Antzutkin

Luleå tekniska universitet; Kemiteknik; Department of Physics, Warwick University, Coventry, UK
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Faiz Ullah Shah

Luleå tekniska universitet; Kemiteknik
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