Cross-national patterns of governance mechanisms in nationally determined contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76052
Access full text here:10.1080/14693062.2019.1662760
Keyword: Social Sciences, Political Science, Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies), Samhällsvetenskap, Statsvetenskap, Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier), Paris Agreement, Climate change, Nationally determined contributions, Governance mechanisms, Policy instruments
Publication year: 2019
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 16 Peace, justice and strong institutionsSDG 13 Climate actionSDG 11 Sustainable cities and communities
The SDG label(s) above have been assigned by OSDG.ai

Abstract:

The continuous submission and scaling-up of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) constitutes a key feature of the Paris Agreement. In their NDCs, states propose governance mechanisms for implementation of climate action, in turn distinguishing appropriate roles for the state in climate governance. Clarity on Parties’ suggested roles for the state makes explicit assumptions on the premise of climate policy, in turn contributing to enhanced transparency in negotiations on the scaling-up of NDCs. This also speaks to ongoing debates on roles for the state in climate governance literature. This article identifies the governance mechanisms proposed by states in their NDCs and the roles for the state envisioned by those governance mechanisms, and also examines how cross-national patterns of roles for the state break or converge with conventional patterns of international politics. The analysis shows that states propose a plurality of roles, which to different extents may be complementary or conflictual. We conclude that income, region, and the Annexes under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) are important for understanding suggested roles for the state, but that there are nuances to be further explored. We argue that this paper has three key findings: i) a majority of states rely on market mechanisms to implement their NDCs while rules on implementation and assessment of market mechanisms are still an outstanding issue in the negotiations, meaning that resolving this issue will be essential; ii) the process for evaluating and assessing qualitative governance mechanisms needs to be specified; and iii) increased awareness of differing views on the state’s roles makes explicit different perspectives on what constitutes an ambitious and legitimate contribution to combating climate change.

Authors

Maria Jernnäs

Department of Thematic Studies – Environmental Change, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden
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Jens Nilsson

Luleå tekniska universitet; Samhällsvetenskap
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Björn-Ola Linnér

Department of Thematic Studies – Environmental Change, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden
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Andreas Duit

Luleå tekniska universitet; Samhällsvetenskap; Department of Political Science, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
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