Siting of Landfills for Hazardous Waste in Iraq from a Geological Perspective

Document identifier: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-75723
Keyword: Engineering and Technology, Teknik och teknologier, Civil Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Geoteknik, Landfill, Hazardous Waste, Depleted uranium (DU), Geological factor for siting, Iraq, Soil Mechanics
Publication year: 2019
Relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
SDG 12 Responsible consumption and productionSDG 11 Sustainable cities and communitiesSDG 9 Industry, innovation and infrastructure
The SDG label(s) above have been assigned by OSDG.ai

Abstract:

Iraq has been involved with two major wars in 1991 and 2003 (Gulf war I and II), which resulted in leaving large amounts of wrecked tanks, vehicles, weapons and ammunition. A considerable amount of the military waste contains depleted uranium (DU), which is a by-product of the enrichment of natural uranium for nuclear reactor-grade or nuclear weapons-grade uranium. DU used during the second Gulf war is more than 1100 to 2000 tons. This has serious effects on humans in Iraq and the environment. There is no national or international program for cleaning Iraq of DU wastes. To protect humans and the environment, three locations for disposals were suggested according to the geological conditions. These locations fulfill the requirements so that radioactive waste does not affect human life and the environment. To use these sites there should be proper design for the landfills so that it can perform for long period of time.

Authors

Varoujan Sissakian

University of Kurdistan, Hewler, KRG, Iraq and Private Consultant Geologist, Erbil, Iraq
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Nadhir Al-Ansari

Luleå tekniska universitet; Geoteknologi
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Jan Laue

Luleå tekniska universitet; Geoteknologi
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Sven Knutsson

Luleå tekniska universitet; Geoteknologi
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Roland Pusch

Luleå tekniska universitet; Geoteknologi
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